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A tornado watch remains in effect until pm cst for southwestern illinois. Siding and trees. This includes interstate 70 in illinois near exit Interstate 57 from exit to exit Hail Maps for Carlyle, IL. Contact Interactive Hail Maps. Connect with Interactive Hail Maps. Find us on Facebook. Record what you find in the field by dropping address markers. Find out when it hailed at any location, and combine maps for any date range. The mobile hail reconnaissance companion app for Interactive Hail Maps. Whenever damaging hail is being detected or reported, you will be first to know.

Give your sales people their own hail maps and collaborate with them in the field. Google Map for Carlyle, IL. Search Google for Carlyle, IL. The severe thunderstorm warning for northwestern clinton county in south central illinois and southeastern madison counties in southwestern illinois will expire at pm cdt. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located just northeast of okawville, moving northeast at 15 mph radar indicated.

At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over aviston, moving east at 20 mph radar indicated. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located just southeast of summerfield, moving east at 20 mph radar indicated. At am cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from near reno to 8 miles south of beckemeyer, moving east at 35 mph radar indicated. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located near carlyle, moving northeast at 20 mph radar indicated.

The severe thunderstorm warning for northern clinton, bond counties in south central illinois and southeastern madison counties in southwestern illinois will expire at am cdt, the storm which prompted the warning has weakened below severe limits, and no longer poses an immediate threat to life or property.

At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over highland, moving east at 45 mph radar indicated. At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over troy, moving east at 45 mph radar indicated. At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over pontoon beach, moving east at 55 mph radar indicated.

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At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over germantown, moving east at 45 mph radar indicated. At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over new baden, moving east at 50 mph radar indicated. At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over scott afb, moving east at 50 mph radar indicated. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located near boulder, moving northeast at 50 mph radar indicated.

At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located near carlyle, moving northeast at 50 mph radar indicated. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm capable of producing a tornado was located over beckemeyer, moving northeast at 40 mph radar indicated rotation. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located near new athens, moving northeast at 50 mph radar indicated. At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located near troy, moving northeast at 60 mph radar indicated. At am cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over washington park, moving northeast at 60 mph radar indicated.

The severe thunderstorm warning for clinton county will expire at pm cdt, the storm which prompted the warning has weakened below severe limits, and no longer poses an immediate threat to life or property. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over beckemeyer, moving east at 15 mph radar indicated. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over breese, moving east at 20 mph radar indicated. At pm cdt, a severe thunderstorm was located over st. At pm cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from near watson to near kinmundy to near okawville to cahokia, moving southeast at 60 mph trained weather spotters.

A severe thunderstorm warning remains in effect until pm cdt for clinton and southern bond counties in south central illinois. A severe thunderstorm warning remains in effect until pm cdt for bond county in south central illinois. At pm cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from 6 miles east of cowden to near mulberry grove to highland to st. At pm cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from near taylorville to witt to near carlinville to near orchard farms, moving southeast at 60 mph trained weather spotters.

At pm cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from near fairman to breese, moving southeast at 35 mph trained weather spotters. At pm cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from near taylorville to carlyle, moving east at 45 mph radar indicated. A severe thunderstorm warning remains in effect until pm cdt for clinton and bond counties in south central illinois. At pm cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from near girard to near lebanon, moving east at 30 mph radar indicated. Spotter reported that sheet metal from an unknown source was lifted into the air near his locatio in clinton county IL, 0.

At pm cst, a severe thunderstorm was located over st.

Madelyn Daley

At pm cst, a severe thunderstorm was located near highland, moving east at 45 mph trained weather spotters. At pm cst, a severe thunderstorm was located over troy, moving east at 50 mph trained weather spotters. At pm cdt, severe thunderstorms were located along a line extending from near reno to alton, moving southeast at 25 mph radar indicated. All expenses of the court are to be paid by the person that is cast. This last part may appear to you to be an extraordinary charge—but my reason for mentioning it is, that [pg ] formerly the court made the one who was most able pay the fees of the court, whether he lost or no.

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One Mr. Miliet, Mr. Henry, Mr. Bagargon, Capt. Johnson, and Capt. Dalton, have been elected. You will be surprised to see Dalton in office; but I found that he had too many friends to refuse him. I keep a watch-side eye over him, and find that he conducts himself with great propriety. Clair or some of the judges; in fact, they are very much wanted. Clair was expected. Those that had been appointed by the people last year, their authority has been refused in the courts of Kentucky, they declaring that by the resolve of Congress, neither the people of Post Vincennes, or the commanding officer, had a right to appoint magistrates; that the power was vested in the Governor only, and that it was an usurped authority.

You see, Sir, how much to the prejudice of the people their present situation is, and how necessary it is that some steps should be taken to relieve them. At last, on June 19, , the judges for the Northwest Territory arrived at Vincennes. The situation at Kaskaskia was even worse than that at Vincennes, because Vincennes had a garrison.

To understand the complaints of the time, it is necessary to notice the relations with Spain. A village by the [pg ] name of Zewapetas, which is about thirty miles above the mouth of the Ohio, and which was begun last summer, consists now of thirty or fifty families.

Joseph St. Marie, of Vincennes, sent his clerk with a load of peltry to be traded to the Indians on the banks of the Mississippi. His goods were seized and confiscated by the Spanish commander at the Arkansas Post. The commander said that his orders were to seize all goods of Americans, found in the Mississippi below the mouth of the Ohio. Upon appeal to Gov. Miro, of Louisiana, the governor said that the court of Spain had given orders to send offending traders prisoners to the mines of Brazil.

The combination of inducements to such as would become Spanish subjects and of severity to such as would not do so, secured Spain some settlers. I believe that all our Americans of Post Vincennes will go to Morgan—a number of them are already gone to see him. I am told that Mr. Morgan has taken unwarrantable measures to invite the people of Illinois to come to him, saying that the Governor never would come in that country, and that their negroes were all free the moment the government should be established—for which all the remaining good inhabitants propose to go to him.

I can not give you this for certain; I will [pg ] know better in a short time, and inform you. Morgan's letter at his request , and one for you. You will see in Mr. Morgan's that a post will be established opposite the Ohio; and if what Mr. Morgan says is true which I doubt not , respecting the inhabitants of the Illinois, the Governor will have no occasion to go there. Will you be so good as to inform me if Congress have changed their resolution respecting the freedom of the negroes of this country; and if they are free from the day of the resolve, or if from the day it is published in a district.

Morgan's New Madrid The generality of the inhabitants of Kaskaskias, and a number of those at Post Vincennes, I am informed, have quit those villages, and gone over to the Spanish side. The arrival of your Excellency amongst them, I believe is anxiously expected.

The Indians were very hostile, and it is noteworthy that by the middle of , the comparative immunity of the French from attack had ceased. Only negroes were safe, and they, probably, because they sold well. By January, , the court at Kaskaskia had dissolved. The depopulation of Illinois led Hamtramck to write to Bartholomew Tardiveau, at the Falls of Ohio, asking whether it were true that the slaves of the French were to be free. Tardiveau responded that it was not true, and that he had written from New York, the preceding December, to Hamtramck and to Illinois concerning the matter, but that his letters had been intercepted.

The true meaning of the resolve of Congress was published at Vincennes upon the receipt of Tardiveau's letter and was to be published in Illinois at the first opportunity. In September, , Hamtramck received the following petition from Kaskaskia:. Reg t. Our horses, horned cattle, and corn are stolen and destroyed without the power of making any effectual resistance. Our houses are in ruin and decay; our lands are uncultivated; debtors absconded and absconding; our little commerce destroyed.

We are apprehensive of a [pg ] dearth of corn, and our best prospects are misery and distress, or what is more than probable an untimely death by the hands of Savages. The greater part of our citizens have left the country on this account to reside in the Spanish dominions; others are now following, and we are fearful, nay, certain, that without your assistance, the small remainder will be obliged to follow their example.

Le Dru, our Priest, who signs this in the name and at the request, of the inhabitants. John Edgar offered to furnish provisions for the twenty soldiers asked for in the petition, and to take bills on Congress in payment. Hamtramck responded to the petition by saying that sickness prevailed among the troops at Vincennes to such an extent that twenty men could not be sent thence to Kaskaskia, but that the request would be sent to headquarters. As to the civil department, the people were advised to elect two or three magistrates in every village. These should prevent debtors from leaving, and should levy on the goods of such debtors as had already gone to the Spanish side.

The next day, Edgar wrote to Hamtramck saying that it was probable that the recommendations in regard to establishing a civil government could not be carried out without a military force. The French were easily governed by a superior, but they knew nothing of government by an equal.

Indians were constantly incited by the Spanish. They stole horses and escaped to the Spanish side. Edgar enclosed correspondence and depositions showing that on the night of the eighth of October, John Dodge and Michael Antanya, with a party of whites and Indians, came from the Spanish side to Kaskaskia, made an unsuccessful attempt to carry off some of Edgar's slaves, and threatened to burn the village. I have waited five years in hopes of a government; I shall still wait until March, as I may be able to withstand them in the winter season, but if no succour nor government should then arrive, I shall be compelled to abandon the country, and I shall go to live at St.

Inclination, interest and love for the country prompt me to reside here, but when in so doing it is ten to one but both my life and property will fall a sacrifice, you nor any impartial mind can blame me for the part I shall take. One day later, John Rice Jones wrote from Kaskaskia. The answer to the petition sent by Ducoigne and addressed to Ledru and Edgar, had been opened by the latter in the absence and by the consent of the former. Ledru had gone to be priest at St. At first he had refused the offer of the position, but when he received his tithes at Kaskaskia, he found that they would not support him, so he was compelled to move.

He met no better treatment than de la Valiniere and Gibault before him, and no priest was likely to fare any better until a government was established. Pierre, priest at Cahokia, had gone to be priest at Ste. Morgan had been coolly received at New Orleans, and his boasted settlement at New Madrid was almost broken up. The attempted seizure of Edgar's negroes could not be punished, because there was no one with authority to remonstrate with the Spanish, and private remonstrances were unheeded.

The Spanish were making every effort to depopulate Illinois. They well knew that the people would follow their priests. Flattering offers had been made to Edgar by the Spanish, among them being free [pg ] lands, no taxes, and free permission to work at the lead mines and salt springs. He had refused all offers, but if government was not established by the next March he would go to St. Louis, and if he went, Kaskaskia would be practically at an end. Twenty-four British trading-boats from Michilimackinac were on the Mississippi on the American side opposite the mouth of the Missouri.

Their purpose was to attract Indian trade. Clair arrived at Kaskaskia on March 5, Wyllys had given Hamtramck such a specimen of the difficulty of establishing a regular government and organizing the militia in Illinois as would induce the sending of a few regular troops from Vincennes. Even ten men would be a help. The Indians daily stole horses, and Tardiveau tried to raise a force to go and punish the offenders, but he was effectually opposed by a lawless band of ringleaders.

A militia law and the Illinois civil power were useless to remedy the matter. There were plenty of provisions in Illinois to supply any soldiers that might be sent. On June 20, , a congressional committee reported that there were about eighty families at Kaskaskia, twelve at Prairie du Rocher, four or five at Fort Chartres and St. Philips, and about fifty at Cahokia, making one hundred and forty-six or one hundred and forty-seven families in these villages.

It is not surprising that the population of the Illinois country decreased from to During these years, British and Americans had attempted to impose upon the French settlers a form of government for which they had neither desire nor aptitude. The attempt to immediately transform a subject people was a signal failure, but neither the attempt nor the failure was unique. A proclamation issued by Estevan Miro, Governor and Intendant of the Provinces of Louisiana and Florida in , offered to immigrants a liberal donation of land, graduated according to the number of laborers in the family; freedom of religion and from payment of tithes, although no public worship except Catholic would be allowed; freedom from taxation; and a free market at New Orleans for produce or manufactures.

All settlers must swear allegiance to Spain. To the professional rover, the inability to secure a title to land was the cause of small concern, but the more substantial and desirable the settler, the more concerned was he about the matter. Settlement and improvements were retarded. Before the affairs of the Ohio Company had progressed far enough to permit sales of land to settlers, the little company at Marietta saw, with deep chagrin, thousands of settlers float by on their way to Kentucky, where land could be bought. In , James Piggott and forty-five others petitioned for such a right.

The petitioners stated that they had settled since and had suffered much from Indians. They could not cultivate their land except under guard.

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Seventeen families had no more tillable land than four could tend. The land on which they lived was the property of two individuals. Petitions from various classes of settlers, not provided for by the acts of June 20, August 28, and August 29, , led Congress to pass the act of March 3, By this act, four hundred acres was to be given to each head of a family who, in , was resident in the Illinois country or at Vincennes, and who had since moved from the one to the other.

The same donation was to be made to all persons who had moved away, if they should return within five years. Such persons should also have confirmed to them the land they originally held.


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This was intended to bring back persons who had gone to the Spanish side of the Mississippi. Grants previously made by courts having no authority should be confirmed to persons who had made improvements, to an extent not exceeding four hundred acres to any one person. As these lands had in some cases been repeatedly sold, the parties making the improvements were frequently guiltless of any knowledge of fraud.

The Cahokia commons were confirmed to that village. One hundred acres was to be granted to each militiaman enrolled on August 1, , and who had received no other grant. This same spring, about two hundred and fifty of the inhabitants of Vincennes had gone to settle at New Madrid. The history of the threatened Spanish aggression upon the western part of the United States is known in essence to anyone who has made the slightest special study of the period at which it was at its height.

Morgan's scheme for a purchase of land in Illinois was not carried out, and he turned his attention to peopling his settlement at New Madrid. Down the Mississippi to New Orleans seemed the natural route for Illinois commerce. Slavery flourished unmolested west of the Mississippi. The governor refused to obey the order, because Fort Massac had been occupied by the Americans in pursuance of a request by the Spanish representative at the capital of the United States that the president would put a stop to the proposed expedition of the French against the Spanish.

The claim was advanced by Carondolet that the Americans had no right to the land on which the fort stood, but that the land belonged to the Chickasaws, who were independent allies of Spain. Two other reasons given for not obeying the order were that it would preclude the successful issue of the Spanish intrigue for the separation of Kentucky from the United States, and would hinder negotiations, then pending, for a commercial treaty between Spain and the United States.

Genevieve, opposite Kaskaskia. Early in , a petition was sent from Kaskaskia to Congress. The petitioners desired that they might be permitted to locate their donation of four hundred acres per family on Long Prairie, a few miles above Kaskaskia, on the Kaskaskia River, and that the expense of surveying the land might be paid by the United States. The act granting the donation-land had provided for its location between the Kaskaskia and the Mississippi.

This land the petitioners declared to be private land and some of it was of poor quality. The petitioners ranked high in the mercantile and legal life of the Illinois settlements, but they must have been novices in the art of petitioning if they thought that a petition signed by four men from the Illinois country, with no sign of their being legally representative, would be regarded by Congress as an expression of the opinion of the Northwest Territory.

The part of the petition relating to lands was granted, but the major part, which related to other subjects, was denied on the ground that the petitioners probably did not represent public sentiment. It was also during this year that the first sales of public land in the Northwest Territory were authorized. The land to be sold was in what is now Ohio. No tract of less than four thousand acres could be purchased. In , two hundred and sixty-eight inhabitants of Illinois, chiefly French, petitioned Congress that Indian titles to land in the southern part of Illinois might be extinguished and the land offered for sale; that tracts of land at the distance of a day's journey from each other, lying between Vincennes and the Illinois settlements, might be ceded to such persons as would keep taverns, and [pg ] that one or two garrisons might be stationed in Illinois.

The petitioners state that the Kaskaskia tribe of Indians numbered not more than fifteen members and that their title to land could be easily extinguished; that not enough land is open to settlement to admit a population sufficient to support ordinary county establishments; that roads are much needed, and that many of the inhabitants are crossing the Mississippi with their slaves.

The petition was not considered. A new factor now appears in the forces affecting Illinois settlement. The Northwest Territory having advanced to the second grade of territorial government, in December, , its delegate took his seat in Congress. The step was an important one for the struggling colony.

Before this time such petitions as were prepared by inhabitants of the territory for the consideration of Congress had been subjected to all the vicissitudes of being addressed to some public officer or of being confided to some member of Congress who represented a different portion of the country. Up to this time the public lands could only be bought in tracts of four thousand acres.

Largely through the influence of the delegate from the Northwest Territory, a bill was passed which authorized the sale of sections and half-sections. In consequence, emigration soon began to flow rapidly into Ohio. Land in Illinois was not yet offered for sale, but this bill is important because the policy of offering land in smaller tracts was to continue. The territorial delegate was also active in procuring the passage of a bill for the division of the Northwest Territory. While the bill was pending, a petition from Illinois, praying for the division and for the establishment of such [pg ] a government in the western part as was provided for by the Ordinance of , was presented.

The act for division was signed by the President on May 7, ; it formed Indiana Territory, with Vincennes as its capital. The propositions made by a convention of representatives elected by the citizens of Indiana to prepare petitions to Congress, near the close of , illustrate the needs of the time. None of the above complaints was better founded than that concerning the restriction of the suffrage, and it is well to note subsequent proceedings in regard to it.

No qualification less suitable to the time and place could well have been devised, and this is especially true of the Illinois portion of the territory, because there unsettled French claims were to delay the sales of public lands until , and thus early settlers could neither buy land nor vote unless they owned it, unless indeed they purchased land claims from the needy and unbusiness-like French. The eleven land-owners must have secured their land either under the acts of or that of , or by the purchase of French claims, a trade vigorously carried on.

In , Congress so far extended the suffrage in Indiana as to make the ownership of a town lot worth one hundred dollars an alternative qualification to the possession of a [pg ] freehold of fifty acres. This was in advance of the law in some of the Eastern states. After , the land question can not be traced without reference to the Indian question in Illinois. That question became important as soon as American occupation was assured, and it remained important for fifty years after the Revolution. The desire of the American settlers for land was directly counter to the desire of the Indians to preserve their hunting-grounds.

Before the close of the eighteenth century, the list of bloody deeds in Illinois had grown long. That part of the treaty of Greenville, of , which affected Illinois, extinguished the Indian title to a tract six miles square, at the mouth of Chicago River; one six miles square, at Peoria; one twelve miles square, near the mouth of the Illinois River; the post of Fort Massac, and the land in the possession of the whites. This treaty, with another made in the following August, ceded three tracts of land, each one mile square, between Vincennes and Kaskaskia, to be sites for taverns. This last treaty was made with the depleted Kaskaskia tribe.

Frequently one or more treaties must yet be made with other tribes, and frequently a tribe refuses to abide by its agreement. Previous to , no land was sold in the Northwest Territory west of the mouth of the Kentucky River. An act of March 26 of that year provided for the opening of a land-office at Detroit to sell lands north of Ohio; one at Vincennes to sell lands in its vicinity ceded by the treaty of Fort Wayne; and one at Kaskaskia to sell so much of the land ceded by the treaty of Vincennes August, as was not claimed by any other tribe than those represented in the cession.

The register and the receiver of public moneys of these respective districts were to be commissioners to settle private land claims. Evidences of claims should be filed before January 1, , and after the adjustment of claims the public lands should be sold at auction to the highest bidder.

Two dollars per acre was to be the minimum price; no land should be sold in less than quarter-sections, except fractional portions caused by irregularities in topography or survey, and lands unsold after the auction might be sold at private sale. Although this act provided for the sale of public lands in Illinois after private claims should have been satisfied, and directed that such claims should be filed not later than January 1, , Congress repeatedly extended the time for the filing of claims, and ten years after the passage of this act there were still unsatisfied claims.

The delay retarded immigration of that class which would have made the most desirable citizens.

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By the treaty of St. Black Hawk, the principal chief of the Sauk, did not sign the treaty. Early in , there came to Congress from Illinois a petition which betrayed the anxiety of the French settlers, and of the Americans who had bought French claims, lest the peculiar shape of their holdings should be disturbed by the orderly system of government surveys. The petitioners asked that a line might be run from a point north of Cahokia to an unspecified river south of Kaskaskia, in such a manner as to include all settlements between the two points, and that the land so included be exempt from the mode of survey and terms of sale of other public lands of the United States.

The petition was apparently not reported upon, but a detailed map of the region referred to shows that the holdings were left in their bewildering complexity. By the time Indiana Territory was divided some progress had been made in extinguishing Indian titles, and some [pg ] also in investigating land claims of the French and their assignees; but the American immigrant had still the hard choice of buying a French claim with uncertain title or squatting on government land with the risk of losing whatever improvement he might make, and often the added risk of being killed by the suspicious, hostile, untrustworthy Indians.

This was one class of hindrances to settlement. Another hindrance, next to be noticed, was the unstable governmental conditions following the anarchy already recited. When St. Clair County was formed, in , it was made to include all the settlements of the Northwest Territory to the westward of Vincennes. On account of its geographical extent it was divided into three judicial districts, but it could not be made into three separate counties, because there were not enough men capable of holding office to furnish the necessary officials.

The American settlers were few and a large proportion of them were unskilled in matters of government, while the French were totally unfit to govern. In , St. Clair, when referring to conditions in , wrote that since then the population of Illinois had decreased considerably. In , notwithstanding the decreased population, and perhaps in the hope of checking the decrease, St. Clair County was divided by proclamation of Governor St.

The division was by an east and west line running a little south of the settlement of New Design. Clair County lay to the north, Randolph County to the south of the line.


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The early laws of the Northwest Territory throw light upon the conditions existing upon the frontier. Minute provisions for establishing and maintaining ferries, with no mention of bridges, indicate the primitive methods of travel. Prairies or cleared land were not to be fired except between December 1 and March 10, unless upon one's own land. A county too poor to build a log jail without difficulty is not likely to be so senseless as to make a practice of confining and boarding its debtor class. For the purpose of taxation land was to be listed in three classes according to value.

No specification as to the value of the respective classes was prescribed. The tax was eighty-five, sixty, or twenty-five cents per one hundred acres, according as land was first, second, or third class. No unimproved land in Illinois was to be listed higher than second class. The laws above cited were enacted by the legislature of the Northwest Territory. In May, , that territory was divided, the western part, including Illinois, becoming Indiana Territory. This made the Illinois country more distinctly frontier by again reducing it to the first grade of territorial government, Indiana Territory, as such, not being represented in Congress until December, Illinois soon sought admission to the second grade of territorial government.

Clair and Randolph approve of the measure, a great proportion of whom have already put their signatures to the petition I have no doubt but that the undertaking will meet with early success, so as to admit of the House of Representatives meeting in the fall. The Illinois country early became restive under the government of Indiana Territory.

Much the same causes for discontent existed as had caused Kentucky to wish to separate from Virginia, Tennessee from North Carolina, and the country west of the Alleghanies from the United States. In each case a frontier minority saw its wishes, if not its rights, infringed by a more eastern majority. In each case the eastern people were themselves too weak to furnish sufficient succor to the struggling West. The conflict was natural and inevitable. The grave charge against Governor Harrison, who had large powers of patronage, was local favoritism.

So discontented was Illinois, that in it had petitioned for annexation to the territory of Louisiana when such territory should be formed. In the summer of , discontent in Illinois was again expressed in a memorial to Congress. In the election for that purpose, said the memorialists, only Knox county voted in the affirmative, and Wayne county did not vote, because the writs of election arrived too late.

Since entering the second grade the County of Wayne Michigan had been struck off. It was believed that if the prayer for separation should be granted, the rage for emigration to Louisiana would, in great measure, cease, the value of public lands in Illinois [pg ] would be increased, and their sale would also be more rapid, while an increased population would render Illinois flourishing and self-supporting rather than a claimant for governmental support.

At the same time that Congress received the above memorial, it received a petition from a majority of the members of the respective houses of the Indiana legislature. This petition asked that the freehold qualification for electors be abolished; that Indiana Territory be not divided, and that the undivided territory be soon made a state. It was said that the people were too poor to support a divided government, and that as the general court met annually in each county it was slight hardship to the frontier to have the supreme court meet at Vincennes.

Appeal by bill of exceptions was, however, allowed. The supreme court had no original, exclusive jurisdiction. It violates the Ordinance of The memorialists desired such importation, but it must be [pg ] authorized by Congress to be legal. The population of Illinois was given as follows:.

By the census of April 1, 2, Inhabitants of Prairie du Chien and on the Illinois River, not included in above: Settlements on the Ohio River: The truth of some of the complaints from Illinois is apparent. I know of two hundred thousand acres of land on the Wabash, which is offered for sale at twenty cents per acre. In , a congressional committee reported on the various memorials and petitions from Illinois, but the report led to no legislation and thus settled nothing, and in petitioning continued. An inclosed census is lost, but a population of five thousand is spoken of.

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One hundred and two inhabitants of Illinois sent a counter-petition, in which they said that Illinois had paid no taxes and needed no separate government, also that the committee that prepared the above petition was not legally chosen. Most of the signers of the petition were Americans, while most of the signers of the counter-petition were French, forty-two of the latter being illiterate.

This territorial delegate was in favor of division, and his committee presented a favorable report, in which the number of inhabitants of Indiana east of the Wabash was estimated to be seventeen thousand, and the number west of the Wabash to be eleven thousand—numbers thought to be sufficiently large to justify division, and an estimate which the census of proves to have been almost correct. In February, , the bill providing for the division so ardently desired by Illinois was approved, the division to take place on the first of the next March.

The western division was to be known as Illinois Territory and was to have for its eastern boundary a line due north from Vincennes to the Canadian line. In addition to the inability to secure land titles on account of unsettled French claims, to the presence of Indians and to the discontent with the government of Indiana Territory, almost every cause which made settlement on the frontier difficult was found in the Illinois country in its most pronounced form, because Illinois was the far corner of the frontier.

The census reports of the United Status give the following statistics of population:. These figures show how conspicuously small was the immigration to Illinois. Enough has already been said to show some of the reasons for this sluggish settlement. When, in , Governor St. Nor was there a lack of land in the East to make westward movement imperative. Massachusetts was much opposed to her people emigrating to Ohio, because she wished them to settle on her own eastern frontier Maine , and Vermont and New York had vacant lands.

One who settled in Illinois at this period came through danger to danger, for Indians lurked in the woods and malaria waited in the lowlands. The journey made by the immigrants was tedious and difficult, and was often rendered dangerous by precipitous and rough hills and swollen streams, if the journey was overland, or by snags, shoals and rapids, if by water.

A large proportion of the settlers came from Maryland, Virginia, or the Carolinas. Those from Virginia and Maryland were induced to emigrate by the glowing descriptions of the Illinois country given by the soldiers of George Rogers Clark, and these soldiers sometimes led the first contingent. A typical Virginia settlement in Illinois was that called New [pg ] Design, located in what is now Monroe county, between Kaskaskia and Cahokia.

Founded about by a native of Berkeley county, the settlement received important additions in , and four years later a party of more than one hundred and fifty arrived from near the headwaters of the south branch of the Potomac, this last contingent led by a Baptist minister, who had organized a church on a previous visit. This caused a considerable emigration from the Carolinas. Although the East was not crowded, it is true that land there was more expensive than that of the same quality in the West.

In , three dollars per acre was the maximum price in even the settled parts of Indiana Territory, while fifty dollars per acre had been paid for choice Kentucky land. The greater number of immigrants came by water, but a family too poor to travel thus, or whose starting-point was not near a navigable stream, could come overland.

Illinois was favored by having a number of large rivers leading toward it; the Ohio, Kentucky, Cumberland, Tennessee, and their tributaries were much used by emigrants. Its existence helps to explain the wonderful growth of Kentucky—in the first cabin, in a population of 73, It crossed the mountains at Cumberland Gap, wound its way by the most convenient course to Crab Orchard, and was early extended to the Falls of the Ohio and later to Vincennes and St.

The legislature of Kentucky provided, in , that the road from Cumberland Gap to Crab Orchard should be made perfectly commodious and passable for wagons carrying a weight of one ton, and appropriated two thousand pounds for the work. Two years later five hundred dollars were appropriated for the repair of the road, and the highway was made a turnpike with prescribed toll, although it did not become such a road as the word turnpike suggests. A traveler of described the river craft of the period. The smallest kind in use was a simple log canoe.

This was followed by the pirogue, which was a larger kind of canoe and sufficiently strong and capacious to carry from twelve to fifteen barrels of salt. Skiffs were built of all sizes, from five hundred to twenty thousand pounds burden, and batteaux were the same as the larger skiffs, being indifferently known by either name. Kentucky boats were strong frames of an oblong form, varying in size from twenty to fifty feet in length and from ten to fourteen in breadth, were sided and roofed, and guided by huge oars. New Orleans boats resembled Kentucky boats, but were larger and stronger and had arched roofs.

The largest could carry four hundred and fifty barrels of flour. Keel boats were generally built from forty to eighty feet in length and from seven to nine feet in width. The largest [pg ] required one man to steer and two to row in descending the Ohio, and would carry about one hundred barrels of salt; but to ascend the stream, at least six or eight men were required to make any considerable progress. A barge would carry from four thousand to sixty thousand pounds, and required four men, besides the helmsman, to descend the river, while to return with a load from eight to twelve men were required.

Shipments of produce from Illinois were usually made in flat-bottomed boats of fifteen tons burden.

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Scott madison carlye illinois background
Scott madison carlye illinois background
Scott madison carlye illinois background
Scott madison carlye illinois background
Scott madison carlye illinois background
Scott madison carlye illinois background
Scott madison carlye illinois background

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