By the late s, electric powered cabs were in use in London. It was developed by Jacob Lohner, a coach builder, and Ferdinand Porsche, an engineer, and their inspiration was to reduce the pollution from gasoline powered vehicles.
The history of the hybrid car
The initial design was for an all-electric vehicle, but it was later adapted as the first hybrid to address battery capacity issues. Following this invention, thousands of hybrid cars were produced by the Krieger company. However, Ford's efficient assembly line and well as the invention of the self-starting gasoline engine resulted in a decline of production of hybrid vehicles twenty years later. For the next fifty years, hybrid cars were nearly forgotten until pollution became so bad that in Congress recommended electric vehicles as a solution.
Scientists began tinkering with hybrid cars again. In the late 19th and very early 20th centuries, back when the idea that cars must run on gasoline wasn't yet set in stone, inventors tinkered with a number of ways in which automobiles could be powered -- including electricity, fossil fuels, steam and combinations of these things. The history of hybrid electric vehicles, however, began shortly after the dawn of the 20th century. Here are some of the highlights of that history:. Although initially a purely electric vehicle , designer Ferdinand Porsche soon added an internal combustion engine to recharge the batteries , making it the first hybrid electric vehicle.
The Dual Power had a top speed of around 35 miles per hour It was not a success. When the U. It combines a horsepower electric motor with a horsepower internal combustion engine. However, even with the new batteries , small electric rail cars could not compete with the giant steam-powered locomotives of the day. By the s, larger secondary batteries became available and there was a renewed interest in electric vehicles.
Large railroad locomotives were still impractical, but small, electric road-going vehicles seemed possible. In the s electric cars were beginning to catch on with the general public. In a Belgian electric car set a new land speed record—68 miles per hour. At about the same time, electric buses and taxis began operating in London and New York.
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Even Thomas Edison was convinced that electric cars were better, and for a number of years he tried to invent a better battery for them. Things began to change in the early years of the 20th century. People took to motoring with a passion and began wanting to travel greater distances in their cars.
source link Because they needed to be recharged, electric cars had a limited range of only 20 miles or so. Gasoline and steam cars could go much farther.
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